FAQ's

Yes, every 1 who is walking on both feet get arthritis. It does not mean that every 1 requires operation.
Arthritis means (‘Artho’ means joint and ‘itis’ means inflammation. Arthiris means swelling of joint).Knee pain is a symptom.
There is no age of getting arthritis. One can get it at any age but usually it occurs above the age of 50.
You will start having
a) discomfort in knee joint
b) morning stiffness
c) while going up and down the stairs knee start hurting/paining
d) crepitus ie grinding sound in knee.
I. age – it is worn out of knee joint with age, just like buildings, vehicles, cements etc which get rusted or develop cracks. We call it Osteoarthritis.
II. Weight – more the weight on knees, earlier would the knee worn out.
III.Infection—infections of knees like TB, Rheumatoid arthritis, Gout, psoriasis damage the knee at earlier age has cause arthritis.
IV. Trauma – fracture /Trauma to and around knee would cause soft tissue/meniscal tear/ligament injury,which would increase the wear and tear of the knee, and cause arthritis
Yes, a variety of arthritis called Juvenile Rheumatoid arthritis starts at age around 16-20 yrs
Stage 0 - normal knee health Stage 0 is the period after an injury or a physical exam where an X-ray is taken.
X-rays can show detailed pictures of bones to help doctors determine if a patient has OA. At this stage, the X-ray will not show any damage, and the knee joints are still healthy. No signs of OA are present.
Stage 1 - minor During this stage, small lumps of bone (called osteophytes) may grow in the knee area. The cartilage may be slightly damaged. There is no apparent narrowing of the space between the bones to indicate the cartilage is breaking down.
At stage 1, people with OA are unlikely to feel any pain or experience any discomfort. Even an X-ray of the joint would appear normal at this stage.
Stage 2 - mild During this stage, the symptoms of OA begin to get more noticeable, and doctors can see some specific signs of wear.
X-rays and scans of the knee joints will clearly show more bone lump growth, and the cartilage will begin to slightly thin.
The space in between the bones will be normal, but the contacting bone surfaces and tissues are hardening. Hardening tissue makes the bone thicker and denser. In turn, this leads to the development of a thin layer of bone beneath the cartilage in the joints.
People with OA may begin to experience symptoms such as stiffness or joint pain. The area around the knee joint may start to feel particularly stiff and uncomfortable after sitting for a long time.
Though there may be some minor damage, the bones are not rubbing or scraping against each other. Synovial fluid is still present which helps to reduce friction and increase knee movement.
Stage 3 - moderate During this stage, the damage to the cartilage has progressed. The gap between the bones has narrowed, and cartilage loss can be seen on X-rays.
At stage 3, people with OA of the knee may begin to experience pain and discomfort while performing daily activities. Running, walking, kneeling, and bending may cause discomfort. People with OA of the knee may also start to experience joint inflammation.
As OA progresses, the cartilage continues to thin and break down. The bones react by becoming thicker. They start to grow outward and form lumps.
The tissue lining the joint becomes inflamed and may produce extra fluid that causes increased swelling. This is known commonly as "water on the knee" or medically as synovitis.
Stage 4 - severe This stage is the most advanced stage of OA. At this stage, the symptoms of OA are very visible. The joint space between the bones is further reduced, causing the cartilage to break down further.
This advanced breakdown stiffens the joint and leads to constant inflammation and less fluid around the joint. There is more friction in the joint and greater pain and discomfort when moving.
X-rays will show bone on bone, meaning that there is either very little cartilage left or it has completely worn away.
People with OA will likely develop more bone lumps and experience intense pain frequently while doing simple tasks such as walking. In severe cases, the bones may become deformed and angulated because of asymmetric loss of cartilage.
Stage 1 and 2 doesn’t require surgery. They require medication,hot fomentation,exercises and need to follow some precautions to slow down the speed of damage.
Stage 3 :-
a) Intraarticular visco supplements may help to slow down the process of damage.
b) arthroscopic lavage and debridement.
c)High tibial osteotomy.
d) Proximal femoral Osteotomy.
In addition to all these, the precautions and the exercises need to be continued
Stage 4:- Require Joint replacement Surgery is the only treatment for a healthy and painfree life
Do’s
1) Reduce weight
2) Do regular exercises
3) Hot fomentation
4) Do cycling
5) Do swimming
Dont’s
1) Avoid squatting.
2) Avoid sitting on floor.
3) Avoid Indian style toilets.
4) Avoid climbing up and down the stairs.
5) Avoid treadmill/joggers.
Yes, it is 99% successful and is a good treatment to live a healthy and painfree life.
Rheumatoid arthritis is not generally considered a fatal or terminal disease. In fact, it is commonly referred to as a chronic disease, meaning that you will have it for the duration of your life. The disease is linked to a higher risk of complications that can be fatal though.
The main difference between osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis is the cause behind the joint symptoms. Osteoarthritis is caused by mechanical wear and tear on joints. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease in which the body's own immune system attacks the body's joints.
Untreated rheumatoid arthritis can have serious consequences. ... Joint destruction and deformity: In rheumatoid arthritis, the body's immune system attacks the joint lining (synovium), leading to cartilage and bone damage. If untreated, chronic joint inflammation can lead to permanent joint damage and deformity.
The first day you experience arthritis pain, you immediately wonder if it will ever go away. You become instantly afraid that you are facing a life filled with unrelenting pain. Arthritis pain is chronic, which is defined as pain that will last six months or more. Constant pain is ever-present and never goes away.
Exercise is crucial for people with arthritis. It increases strength and flexibility, reduces joint pain, and helps combat fatigue. Of course, when stiff and painful joints are already bogging you down, the thought of walking around the block or swimming a few laps might seem overwhelming.
Exercise 1 Kneeling Hip Flexor Stretch.
Exercise 2 Straight-Leg Calf Stretch.
Exercise 3 Standing Hamstring Stretch.
Exercise 4 Body-Weight Squat with Knee Press-Out.
Exercise 5 Single-Leg Squat.
Exercise 6 Hip Raise with Knee Press-Out.
Exercise 7 Lateral Band Walks.
Exercise 8 Single-Leg Standing Dumbbell Calf Raise.
"Osteoporosis" literally means "porous bones." The bones become weaker, increasing the risk of fractures, especially in the hip, spinal vertebrae, and wrist. Bone tissue is constantly being renewed, and new bone replaces old, damaged bone. In this way, the body maintains bone density and the integrity of its crystals and structure. Bone density peaks when a person is in their late 20s. After the age of around 35 years, bone starts to become weaker. As we age, bone breaks down faster than it builds. If this happens excessively, osteoporosis results.
unavoidable factors:
a) age
b) reduced hormone levels
c) Bone structure :- tall and slim people are more prone
d) Previous fracture:-previous fracture after trivial injury is a risk factor
Modifiable risk factors include:
a) eating disorders, such as anorexia or bulimia nervosa, or orthorexia
b) tobacco smoking
c) excessive alcohol intake
d) low levels or intake of calcium, magnesium, and vitamin D, due to dietary factors, malabsorption problems, or the use of some medications
e) inactivity or immobility
Treatment aims to:
a) slow or prevent the development of osteoporosis
b) maintain healthy bone mineral density and bone mass
c) prevent fractures
d) reduce pain
e) maximize the person's ability to continue with their daily life
This is done through preventive lifestyle measure and the use of supplements and some drugs.
Common causes of low back pain (lumbar backache) include
a) Lumbar strain (acute, chronic): A lumbar strain is a stretch injury to the ligaments, tendons, and/or muscles of the low back
b) Nerve Irritation:-The nerves of the lumbar spine can be irritated by mechanical pressure (impingement) by bone or other tissues, or from disease, anywhere along their paths -- from their roots at the spinal cord to the skin surface
c) lumbar radiculopathy:- Lumbar radiculopathy is nerve irritation that is caused by damage to the discs between the vertebrae. Damage to the disc occurs because of degeneration ("wear and tear") of the outer ring of the disc, traumatic injury, or both.
d) bony encroachment :- Any condition that results in movement or growth of the vertebrae of the lumbar spine can limit the space (encroachment) for the adjacent spinal cord and nerves
e) conditions of the bone and joints. :- Bone and joint conditions that lead to low back pain include those existing from birth (congenital), those that result from wear and tear (degenerative) or injury, and those that are due to inflammation of the joints (arthritis)
Risk factors for low back pain include:
a) athletic activity
b) heavy lifting
c) throwing
d) moving luggage
e) traumatic injury
f) kidney infection
g) pregnancy
h) osteoporosis
i) aging
Low back pain can cause a wide variety of symptoms and signs depending on the precise cause of the pain as reviewed above. Symptoms that can be associated with low back pain include
a) numbness and/or tingling of the lower extremities,
b) incontinence of urine or stool,
c) inability to walk without worsening pain,
d) lower extremity weakness, atrophy (decreased in size) of the lower extremity muscles,
e) rash,
f) fever,
g) chills,
h) weight loss,
i) abdominal pains,
j) burning on urination,
k) dizziness,
l) joint pain, and
m) fatigue.
Home remedies for low back pain include
a) cold pack and heat applications,
b) topical analgesic balms,
c) avoiding reinjury,
d) eliminating heavy lifting, and
e) taking pain relievers.
The outlook for low back pain absolutely depends on its precise cause. For example, acute strain injuries generally heal entirely with minimal treatment. On the other hand, bony abnormalities that are irritating the spinal cord can require significant surgical repair and the outlook depends on the surgical result. Long-term optimal results often involve exercise rehabilitation programs.
A:True.
Back pain is a common symptom that affects nearly everyone at some time in their life. Back pain affects men and women equally. Pain in the low back most commonly develops between the ages of 30 and 50, due both to the aging process and sedentary lifestyles
A:False.
Surgery is not needed for most cases of low back pain. Treatment options include drugs to relieve pain (analgesics) and reduce inflammation, restoration of proper function and strength, and prevention of further injury.
Always see a doctor if you have back pain that is associated with numbness, weakness, trouble urinating, or unexplained weight loss. Rarely, back pain can signal a serious condition. You should also see a doctor if you develop back pain after an injury or fall.
The general rule of thumb is to use ice in the acute stage of an injury (within the first 24-48 hours), or whenever swelling is showing. Ice helps to reduce inflammation and swelling by decreasing blood flow to the area that is injured. The general guideline is to apply ice indirectly (not directly on the skin) for 20 minutes, remove the ice for at least 20 minutes, and repeat as necessary.
Heat is used to increase blood flow, which helps promote pain relief after inflammation and swelling subside. Heat is also used to assist in warming muscles up prior to exercise, any physical activity, or physical therapy.
A fracture is a break in a bone. A fracture rarely includes surgery and is usually treated by immobilizing the bone with a cast or a splint, which allows the broken bones to grow back together. Fractures can occur in any bone in the body and are often the result of high force impact or stress; however fractures may also be a result of medical conditions that weaken the bone.
A sprain is an injury of the ligaments, the rubber band like tissues that connect bones together. When the ligaments are stretched past their normal range of motion, the result can include swelling and severe pain.
A sprain will heal with rest, but a fractured bone must be set to heal.
It can take anywhere from a few weeks to several months for a fracture to heal. Everyone's body is different and your body may take more or less time to heal.
No,undisplaced fractures, and fractures in children are usually treated by plasters.

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